Fumage is smoke art. I first enountered it as 19th-century graffiti left on the ceiling of a Karzer, or students' jail, at the University of Tübingen in Germany. Early 20th-century surrealists experimented with fumage. Since smoke is so essential to Cherokee prayer and an allegory for ideas, it seemed like an ideal way to explore Cherokee identity, which is largely illustrated by historical or ancient artifacts. I juxtapozed images of people and artifacts with more recent technological inventions by Cherokee people.
Click on preview image at left to view artwork.